__ME-316 FLUID MECHANICS-II__

__CREDIT HOURS__

Theory = 3

Practical = 1

**COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLOs)**

S. No. |
CLOs |
PLO |
Taxonomy |

1 | Apply potential flow theory to study the motion of fluid particles | PLO-1 |
Coginitive |

2 | Analyze viscous flows in simple geometries, and boundary layer using Navier-Stokes equation | PLO-2 | Coginitive Level 4* |

3 | Carry out calculations of fluid flow characteristics of turbomachines | PLO-2 | Coginitive Level 3* |

4 | Perform experiments in fluid statics and dynamics as per provided guidance | PLO-4 | Psychomotor Level 3* |

5 | Perform computational simulations to model and study basic fluid flows as per the provided guidelines | PLO-5 | Psychomotor Level 3* |

6 | Perform experiments in individual capacity as well as in groups as per the provided guidelines | PLO-9 | Affective Level 4* |

**COURSE CONTENT**

Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT) and its application to conservation of mass, linear momentum and angular momentum, Equation of streamline in differential form, Fluid element kinematics, Vorticity and Circulation, Stokes’ theorem, Differential form of continuity equation.__Fluid Kinematics:__Stream function, Velocity potential function, Flow net, Plane potential flows, uniform flow, line source & sink, free vortex, Superposition of elementary plane potential flows, doublet, flow past stationary and rotating cylinders.__General Theory of Ideal Fluid Flow:__Differential form of linear momentum equation, Euler’s equations of motion, Viscous flow of incompressible Newtonian fluids, Stokes’ viscosity law for Newtonian fluids, Navier-Stokes equations, steady laminar flow between parallel plates, Couette flow, Hagen-Poiseuille flow, Hydrodynamic lubrication, Reynolds’ equation, application to infinitely long & short journal bearings, Lift and drag forces.__Viscous Fluid Flow:__Boundary layer development on a flat plate, Boundary layer thicknesses, Laminar boundary layer exact solution, Momentum integral analysis, Turbulent boundary layer, Boundary layer with pressure gradient, boundary layer separation and control.__Boundary Layer Theory:__Airfoil geometry and nomenclature, Symmetric & cambered airfoils, Airfoils of infinite and finite span, Characteristic curves, Lift generation, Magnus effect & Kutta-Joukowski theorem.__Airfoil Theory:__Classification, Euler turbine equation, Centrifugal pumps, construction, classification, performance, characteristic curves, NPSH, System curve and operating point, Series and parallel operation of pumps, Hydraulic turbines, analysis of reaction and impulse turbines, Similarity laws for turbomachines, Specific speed.__Turbomachines:__Fundamentals, discretization of flow field and equations of motion, discretization methods, Finite difference approximations of first and second partial derivatives, Solution of resulting systems of algebraic equations.__Computational Fluid Dynamics:__Experimental determination of characteristic curves for pumps, and Impulse, Kaplan and Francis turbines will be performed in the lab.**Note:**

**RECOMMENDED BOOKS**

*(01) Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics by Munson, Young & Okiishi*

*(02) Fluid Mechanics by Frank, M White*

*(03) Engineering Fluid Mechanics by C T , Crowe, D F Elger*

*(04) Fluid Mechanics by Joseph Franzini*

*For details of Taxonomy Levels **CLICK HERE!**