ME-112 Thermodynamics

ME-112 THERMODYNAMICS

CREDIT HOURS

Theory = 3
Practical = 0

COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLOs)

 S. No. CLOs PLO Taxonomy 1 Discuss thermodynamics properties of matter and related processes PLO-1 Coginitive Level 2* 2 Apply the laws of thermodynamics to open and close systems PLO-2 Coginitive Level 3* 3 Analyze the performance of different power cycles PLO-2 Coginitive Level 4*

COURSE CONTENT

• Introduction, Working substance, System, Pure substance, PVT surface, Phases, Properties and state, Units, Zeroth law, Processes and cycles, Conservation of mass.
• Relation of mass and energy, Different forms of energy, Internal energy and enthalpy, Work, Generalized work equation, Flow and non-flow processes, Closed systems, First law of Thermodynamics, Open systems and steady flow, Energy equation for steady flow, System boundaries, Perpetual motion of the first kind.
• Thermodynamic equilibrium, Reversibility, Specific heats and their relationship, Entropy, Second law of Thermodynamic property relation from energy equation, Frictional energy.
• Gas laws, Specific heats of an ideal gas, Dalton’s law of partial pressure, Third law of Thermodynamics, Entropy of an ideal gas, Thermodynamic process.
• Cycle work, Thermal efficiency and heat rate, Carnot cycle, Sterling cycle, Reversed and reversible cycles, Most efficient engine.
• Clausius inequality, Availability and irreversibility, Steady flow system.
• Two phase system of a pure substance, Changes of phase at constant pressure, Steam tables, Superheated steam, Compressed liquid and vapour curves, Phase diagrams, Phase roles, Processes of vapours, Mollier diagram, Rankine cycle, Boilers and auxiliary equipment.
• Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual combustion cycle, Four stroke and two stroke engines, Types of fuels.
• Condition for minimum work, Isothermal efficiency, Volumetric efficiency, Multi-stage compression, Energy balance for a two stage machine with intercooler.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

(01) Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach by Yunus A. Cengel & Michael A. Boles

(02) Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by Moran & Shapiro